Hello Friends, as you all know, recently the Ministry of Human Resource Management (HRD Ministry) has changed the education policy. This change has been done under the chairmanship of ISRO head doctor K Kasturirangan. Today we are going to provide you information related to the National Education Policy through this article. With this, we will tell you the purpose of the National Education Policy and the characteristics of the National Education Policy 2020. We will also tell you about the changes in education policy through this article. If you want to get all the information related to National Education Policy then you are requested to read this article till the end.
What is National Education Policy?
Before you know about National Education Policy you must about the Ministry of Human Resource Management (HRD ministry).
What does HRD ministry do?
Formulate national policy on education and make sure that it’s implemented in letter and spirit. Planned development, including improving access and quality of educational institutions across the country, includes areas where people don’t have quick access to education
When was HRD ministry established?
26 September 1985 Indian Ministry of Human Resource (HRD ministry) Development/Founded
Who is India’s HRD ministry?
Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ Hon’ble Education Minister
Under the National Education Policy, a policy of education in schools and colleges is formulated. The government of India has introduced the new National Education Policy 2020. Under which the government has made many major changes in the education policy. To make India a global knowledge superpower through the new National Education Policy.
Now the Ministry of Human Resource Management (HRD ministry) will be known as the Ministry of Education. The National Education Policy will universalize education from pre-school to secondary school with 100% GER in school education by 2030 (Medical and law studies not included) Earlier the pattern of 10 + 2 was followed but now new education The pattern of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be followed under the policy.
This was included in the manifesto of the Bharatiya Janata Party in the 2014 General Election of National Education Policy.
New education policy
A number of provisions have been made in the new education policy to raise the level of quality of teachers. There will also be changed in the format of the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) in the new schooling system. The TET exam was divided into two parts – Part 1 and Part 2. But now the structure of the schooling system will be divided into four parts – Foundation, Preparatory, Middle, and Secondary. Based on this, the pattern of TET will also be set. The NTA test score in TET or related subjects can also be checked at the time of the recruitment of subject teachers. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct examinations of all subjects and a Common Aptitude Test.
Prime Minister’s address to the nation on National Education Policy 2020
- On August 7, 2020, the Prime Minister of our country, Shri Narendra Modi, addressed the nation on the National Education Policy.
- In his address, Prime Minister discussed the main facts of the National Education Policy 2020.
- Prime Minister said that the new education policy will form the basis of a new India.
- The new education policy will make the students of India a global citizen and at the same time this new education policy will also keep them connected to their civilization.
Through this new education policy, students will be provided an opportunity to follow their passions.
- In this address, the Prime Minister also mentioned the Horde Mentality.
- The Minister provided that the students should be mapping their interest, ability, and demand.
- Students are required to develop critical thinking.
- The Prime Minister also said that now that we are going to enter such an era, if a person will not follow one profession all his life, then this new education policy has been started keeping this in mind.
- Prime Minister said that till now education policy used to focus on what you think, but this new education policy will now focus on how to think.
- People associated with the Department of Education will have a huge contribution to implement this new education policy. Teachers have also given special attention to training.
- Prime Minister has also explained in detail about multiple entry and exit in his address.
- Provision for teaching in regional language till class 5 is included in this new education policy.
The objective of National Education Policy
The main objective of the National Education Policy 2020 is to bring education provided in India to the global level. So that India can become a global knowledge superpower. Education will be universalized through the National Education Policy. The National Education Policy 2020 has made several amendments to the old education policy through the government. So that the quality of education will improve and children will get a good education.
Features of National Education Policy 2020
- The Ministry of Human Resource Management (HRD ministry)will now be known as the Ministry of Education.
- Education will be universalized under the National Education Policy which excludes medical and law studies.
- Earlier the pattern of 10 + 2 was followed but now the pattern of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be followed under the new National Education Policy. Which will have 12 years of schooling and 3 years of pre-schooling.
- The vocational testing internship will be started from sixth grade.
- Education up to class V will be imparted in mother tongue or regional language.
Science, commerce and arts stream used to be there earlier. Now there will be no such stream. Students can choose the subject as they wish.
- Students will be taught coding from the sixth grade.
- All schools will be digitally equipped.
- All types of content will be translated into regional language.
- Virtual labs will be developed.
Some highlights of National Education Policy 2020
- There will be many entries and exit points with appropriate certification for higher education.
- Graduate courses can be of 3 or 4 years. Which will have many exit options. Which will be with proper certification like if the student has studied in a 1-year undergraduate course, he will be given a certificate, after 2 years will be given an advanced diploma, after 3 years the degree will be given and after 4 years the Bachelor with Research Degree will be given.
- The Academic Bank of Credit will be formed in which the digital academy credit earned by the students will be collected through various higher education institutions and will be transferred and counted for the final degree.
- Reducing dependence on textbooks by emphasizing on earmarking is also the objective of this new National Education Policy.
- The National Testing Agency will offer the General Entrance Examination for admission to higher education institutions.
- By 2030, at least one large multi-disciplinary higher education institution will be built in every district.
- The goal of making all higher education institutions multi-disciplinary institutions by 2040 is set in this new education policy.
- Higher Education Commission of India will be the only body for overall higher education. (Except medical and legal education)
- Higher Commission of India will have four verticals which will be National Higher Education Regulatory Council, General Education Council, Higher Education Council, and National Accreditation Council.
- Under the education policy, government and private education will be equal. And education will be changed for disabled people.
Four phases of National Education Policy 2020
The new education policy is divided into four phases which is a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 pattern. This new pattern includes 12 years of schooling and 3 years of pre-schooling. The new National Education Policy will have to be followed by both government and private institutions. The four phases of the New National Education Policy 2020 are as follows.
Foundation stages are for children from 3 to 8 years old. This includes 3 years of pre-school education and 2 years of schooling (classes one and two). The Foundation Stage will focus on the development of language skills and teaching.
Children from 8 years to 11 years will come under the preparatory stage. Which includes children from class 3 to 5. In this stage, the aim of teachers will be to develop children’s language and numeracy skills. In this stage, children will be taught in regional language.
Children from class 6 to 8 will come under the middle stage. Children from class 6 will be taught coding and will be provided vocational tests as well as internships.
Secondary stage will have children from class 9 to 12. Like before children used to take science, commerce and arts streams. But now it has been scrapped. Now children can take a subject of their choice. For example, children can take Commerce with Science or Arts with Commerce.
New Education Policy 2020: Streams
Students will no longer have to choose one stream under the National Education Policy 2020. Now students can also study the science stream along with art stream, arts stream along with the science stream. Each subject will be seen as a course of the additional curriculum, including yoga, sports, dance, sculpture, music, etc.
NCERT will prepare the courses as per the National Curriculum Framework. Physical education will be included in the curriculum. Vocational and academic streams will not be separated so that students have the opportunity to develop both abilities.
B.Ed now 4 years old
B.Ed has been reduced to 4 years under the National Education Policy 2020. By the end of 2030, the minimum qualification for a teacher will be a 4-year B. Ed program. Strict action will be taken against all standalone educational institutions which do not follow the prescribed standards.
Focus on vocational studies
Less than 5% of students learning vocational studies in our country. Keeping this in mind, under the new education policy, students from class VI to class VIII will be focused on learning vocational studies. Which includes horticulture, wood work, pottery, electric work etc. A target of teaching vocational studies to at least 50% of students has been set under the new education policy by the end of 2025.
Mother tongue or regional language education
As such everyone knows that if children are taught in their mother tongue or regional language, then they will be able to understand the matter more easily. Keeping this in mind, under the National Education Policy 2020, a provision has been made to teach children in their mother tongue or regional language up to the fifth standard.
Now teachers will have to provide education in their mother tongue or regional language till the fifth grade. Efforts will be made to make textbooks available in the regional language and if the textbook is not available in the regional language, then in this case the medium of interaction between the children and the teacher will be the regional language. Two to three languages will be taught to children from class one.
Recruitment of Teachers
Under the National Education Policy 2020 if there is a shortage of teachers who speak the given languages. In this situation, special efforts will be made to recruit teachers who speak the given languages. Under which retiring teachers can also be called again.
Emphasis on teaching foreign language
Children can also learn foreign language of their choice in secondary school. Which will include French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese etc. All these efforts are an attempt to make India’s education globally recognized.
Friends, we have given you all the important information related to the New National Education Policy through this article. This education policy is a revolutionary decision of the government which will prove to be very beneficial for the students in future. Friends, we hope that you have understood all the information related to the National Education Policy. If there will be further update in the National Education Policy, we will definitely let you know through this article. I request you to stay connected with us.